If you worried about being at risk of developing diabetes mellitus, then you have come to the right place. Let us take a look at the common risk factors in the development of diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes
When it comes to type 1 diabetes, it is unclear as to what exactly increases the risk of development of this condition.
It appears that having a family member who has type I diabetes can significantly increase the chance of an individual developing type I diabetes. Clinical research has also shown that certain environmental factors and exposure to certain types of viral illnesses can increase the risk of developing type I diabetes. Individuals who reside in Finland and Sweden appear to have a higher rate of type I diabetes.
But what about the risk factors for type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes
Extensive research has been performed when it comes to assessing the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Some of the common risk factors that are associated with this condition include –
Having a Family History of Type 2 Diabetes
Your mother, father, brother or sister may also suffer from this condition.
Obesity is always had a strong link to the development of Type 2 diabetes. If
Following an Unhealthy Diet
If you are one enjoys junk foods and eating outside at all times, then you may be increasing your risk of developing type 2 diabetes. It is currently recommended that all individuals who are looking to stay healthy consumed at least five portions of fruit and vegetables every day.
Replace this with a burger, fizzy pop or a nightly pizza and chances are you will develop diabetes after sometime.
Lack of Physical Activity
If you are couch potato then you most certainly are increasing your chances of getting Type 2 diabetes.
Clinical studies have all shown that exercise can not only improve your overall health, it can also reduce your body weight and keep your blood sugars under control.
In other words, once you get moving, you can reduce your chances of developing type 2 diabetes remarkably. The current guidelines when it comes to maintaining a healthy lifestyle includes 150 minutes of some form of moderate intensity aerobic exercise (such as running, jogging, cycling, swimming or brisk walking) every week.
As you get older, your risk of Type 2 diabetes increases.
However, this is not a hard and fast rule and these days even younger individuals in their teens and early 20s are also developing type 2 diabetes.
History of Gestational Diabetes
If you are a woman who developed diabetes during pregnancy, there is a higher chance of you developing type 2 diabetes permanently in the future.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
This is a condition where the ovaries show tiny follicles in their peripheries. Women who suffer from polycystic ovarian syndrome have irregular menstrual cycles, obesity and excessive body hair. They are also at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Individuals of a South Asian ethnicity (Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, Sri Lankan and Nepalese) have all been shown to be resistant to insulin. Insulin resistance is a precursor to the development of type II diabetes mellitus.
Once you understand your risk factors, it becomes easier for you to manage them in order to prevent yourself from getting Type II diabetes. Maintain a healthy lifestyle and perform regular exercise and you can cut down your risk significantly.
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